If you find that your gums almost always bleed when you brush or floss your teeth, you might be suffering from Periodontal Disease. This condition is commonly known as gum disease, wherein the tissues that keep your teeth intact are infected. It is normally caused by poor oral hygiene, which allows bacteria to accumulate on the teeth, and eventually damage the gums. Some early symptoms of periodontal disease are gum bleeding and swelling. If you are experiencing this, it is crucial that you consult with us here at Jeremy J Burke, DDS, PA as soon as possible to prevent further damage.
How does Periodontal Disease Develop?
The bacteria in our mouths, together with other elements such as mucus, constantly form plaque on our teeth. Plaque can be removed by brushing and flossing. However, without proper oral hygiene, this plaque can accumulate and harden into tartar. As your immune system tries to fight the bacteria in the tartar, it releases substances that damage the gums. During the initial stage of periodontal disease, which is gingivitis, the gums are the only ones that are infected. However, as the disease progresses, the infection also spreads to the other tissues that support the teeth.
Aside from poor oral hygiene, there are other factors that increase the risk of developing periodontal diseases. The most significant of these factors is smoking. Smoking can also lessen the effectiveness of treatment for gum diseases. Other factors include hormonal changes, certain medications, diabetes, and genetics.
Periodontal Disease and its Effect on Overall Health
As if damaging the gums is not yet bad enough, periodontal disease is also linked to other medical problems. For instance, it may increase the risk of heart disease, and may also increase the likelihood of stroke that is caused by clogged arteries. Periodontal disease also poses dangers for a pregnant woman, as it can increase the risk of premature birth.
Diabetic patients who also suffer from periodontal disease may find it more difficult to regulate their blood sugar level compared to patients who do not have gum problems. Periodontal disease can also lead to respiratory diseases or aggravate existing lung problems.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
There are certain signs that can help you find out if you have periodontal disease. Some of these signs are swollen or bleeding gums, sensitive or loose teeth, painful chewing, persistent bad breath, and receding gums. While these signs can help you ascertain your condition, it is still crucial for you visit us so we can give you a proper diagnosis.
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